Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour

DR. BUCKSHEY AWARD PAPER
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12--18

Does prenatal maternal stress affect the outcome of pregnancy? A prospective study from North India


Jitender Aneja1, Bir Singh Chavan2, Jasmin Garg2, Anju Huria3, Poonam Goel3 
1 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jitender Aneja
Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
India

Background: The impact of prenatal maternal stress on the outcomes of pregnancy has been investigated previously but with contradictory findings. Only few studies have evaluated the association of pregnancy-specific anxiety with preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). In addition, minimal research in this aspect is available from low- and middle-income countries. Aim: The study investigated the association of anxiety (in general and pregnancy-specific), depression, and stress with the outcomes of pregnancy in terms of PTB and LBW. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective study in which 110 antenatal mothers in the first to third trimester of pregnancy were evaluated on perceived stress scale-14, pregnancy-related anxiety scale, state trait anxiety inventory, and Beck depression inventory. The participants underwent single assessment on these tools, and the outcomes of pregnancy were retrieved either from medical records or through telephonic enquiry. Results: The presence of pregnancy-specific anxiety, perceived stress, and depression did not affect the outcome of pregnancy. However, participants with trait anxiety were at higher risk of delivering a preterm baby (odds ratio = 4.08; confidence interval = 0.79–20.91) although the effect was small. None of the sociodemographic or obstetrical clinical variables associated with the outcomes of pregnancy. Conclusion: Although stress and anxiety were quite prevalent in our cohort, it did not impact the outcomes of pregnancy.


How to cite this article:
Aneja J, Chavan BS, Garg J, Huria A, Goel P. Does prenatal maternal stress affect the outcome of pregnancy? A prospective study from North India.J Mental Health Hum Behav 2018;23:12-18


How to cite this URL:
Aneja J, Chavan BS, Garg J, Huria A, Goel P. Does prenatal maternal stress affect the outcome of pregnancy? A prospective study from North India. J Mental Health Hum Behav [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 24 ];23:12-18
Available from: http://www.jmhhb.org/article.asp?issn=0971-8990;year=2018;volume=23;issue=1;spage=12;epage=18;aulast=Aneja;type=0