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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-34

Social cognition and individual effectiveness in interpersonal scenarios: A conceptual review

1 Department of Psychiatry, Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, The Beeches, Penn Hospital, Wolverhampton, WV4 5HN, UK
2 Production and Operations, School of Management, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Nilamadhab Kar
Department of Psychiatry, Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, The Beeches, Penn Hospital, Penn Road, Wolverhampton, WV4 5HN
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-8990.210705

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Social cognition, the ability to act wisely in social interaction, is being actively researched in various fields besides the clinical, behavioral, and psychological sciences. The objectives of this paper are to review the conceptual basis of social cognition and its applicability in the areas of social competence and effectiveness in interpersonal environments. Social cognitive skills enable understanding of social situations. The relationship between social cognitive skills and ability of emotional decoding of self and others has been explored. The paper discusses various processes that are operative in the interactional scenarios and have relevance in individual effectiveness. Concepts such as emotional intelligence, trait transference, person-perception, categorical thinking, and knowledge construction have been discussed in relation to social cognition and effectiveness. The role of thoughts, feelings, expectations, and relational schemas in interpersonal situations has been linked to performances. In addition, effectiveness is influenced by motivated social cognitions, ego-tasks, global, and context-specific goals. Various strategies such as cognitive and social problem-solving and proactive-coping have been elaborated which lead to better outcomes in interpersonal environments.

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