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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-54

Depression and suicidal ideation in patients with acne, psoriasis, and alopecia areata

1 Department of Psychiatry, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, World College of Medical Sciences and Research and Hospital, Jhajjar, Haryana, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Jagtiani
House No. 82, Sector 9, Sikandra, Agra - 282 007, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-8990.210700

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Background: Depression is a common yet often underdiagnosed psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic skin disorders. Presence of depression can be an aggravating and perpetuating factor for these conditions. Aim: To determine the frequency of depressive disorder and suicidal ideation in adult dermatology outpatients with acne, psoriasis, and alopecia areata and also to determine the correlation between severity and duration of the skin disease with the severity of depressive disorder. Materials and Methods: A total of 174 new patients attending the dermatology outdoor clinic of our hospital diagnosed with acne, psoriasis, and alopecia areata were assessed by the psychiatrist for comorbid depressive disorder and suicidal ideations using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, respectively. Results: Depressive disorder was found in 8.8%, 26.8%, and 13.2% of patients with acne vulgaris, psoriasis, and alopecia areata, respectively, whereas suicidal ideation was found in 1.2%, 5.4%, and 2.6% patients, respectively. Significant correlation of BDI score was found with the severity of psoriasis and alopecia areata and with the duration of alopecia areata. Conclusion: Diagnosing and treating the hidden psychiatric comorbidity in patients with dermatological illnesses can help achieve better control of dermatological disorder and provide holistic care to such patients.

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