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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-105

Prevalence and risk factors of alcohol consumption behavior among late adolescents: Evidence from Puducherry, India


Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Prakash Babu Kodali
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Central University of Kerala, Room No. 112, Bramhaputra Block, Kasaragod - 671 316, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_83_20

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Introduction: Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with dependence-producing properties. Adolescents account for a quarter of current drinkers in the world. Early initiation of alcohol use is one of the most important predictors of future physical and social health. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study among a sample of 210 adolescent males (aged 18–19 years), was conducted to identify the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the factors associated with it. The data were statistically analyzed using frequencies, percentages, Chi-square tests of independence and binary logistic regression. Results: About 62.3% (n = 131) of the respondents have consumed alcohol and 54.3% (n = 114) were current drinkers. Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with monthly pocket money (N = 210, χ2 = 17.834, df = 5), parents-consuming alcohol (N = 210, χ2 = 6.926, df = 1), friends-consuming alcohol (N = 210, χ2 = 24.549, df = 1), smoking status (N = 210, χ2 = 54.189, df = 1), and awareness about health effects of alcohol (N = 210, χ2 = 193.482, df = 2). Social influences of “friends-consuming alcohol” and “parents-consuming alcohol” were strongly associated with alcohol consumption among adolescents with odds ratio (OR) of 4.048 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.485–11.032) and 2.172 (95% CI = 1.076–4.386), respectively. In addition, it was also observed that smoking status and high monthly pocket money of INR 8000–12000 was strongly associated with alcohol consumption status with OR of 15.161 (95% CI = 5.076–45.286) and 25.660 (95% CI = 1.323–498.489), respectively. Conclusion: The study highlights the possible role of the individual, economic and social dimensions in the initiation of alcohol consumption among adolescents. The alcohol prevention interventions should be delivered through a multi-pronged approach focusing on these dimensions to be more effective.


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