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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-27

COVID-19 outbreak: Impact on psychological well-being of the health-care workers of a designated COVID-19 hospital

1 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. M. K. Shah Medical College and Research Center, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, BJ Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Banas Medical College and Research Institute, Palanpur, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. M. P. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, Smt. B. K. Shah Medical Institute and Research Center, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunayna Pandey
Department of Psychiatry, BJ Medical College and Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_179_20

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Context: COVID-19 outbreak has had a huge impact on health-care facilities, and challenges of health-care providers would compromise their physical and mental well-being during this epidemic. Aims: This study aimed to find out stress, anxiety, insomnia, and depression among the health-care workers during COVID-19 outbreak. Settings and Design: This was a 3-month, cross-sectional, observational, single-center study of health-care workers of designated COVID-19 hospital. Subjects and Methods: Study objectives were explained to health-care workers, and written consent was obtained. Participants were approached in their department as per their convenience and requested to fill the pro forma. Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 and Insomnia Severity Index were used to detect psychological issues in the form of stress, anxiety, insomnia, and depression. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were used for analysis of variables in the study. Results: Overall 27.41% and 29.18% of the health-care workers reported stress and anxiety symptoms, respectively, while 18.78% reported clinically significant insomnia and depression. Among them, being female, married, elderly, presence of medical illness, frontline workers, frequently watching COVID news, and excessive fear of COVID emerged as statistically significant variables associated with stress, anxiety, insomnia, and depression. Conclusions: Health-care workers experienced many mental health issues while performing duties during COVID-19 outbreak. Such issues are alarming and need to be addressed with appropriate health-care policy.

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